|Bengal - History of Kalighat
All forms of Hindu Mother Goddess
like Bhairavi, Bagala, Bidya, Matangi, Kamala, Brahmi, Maheshwari and
Chandi will always exist at this location. Living beings whoever
will breath its last at this location will be relieved of all sin. In
the second century AD Ptolemy's India has a reference of a place called
Kaligrama. Nearly 2000 years back another writing called Bhabishya Purana
also refers to a Kali temple near Gobindapur village at the bank of Ganges.
Kalighata might have been situated as early as the time of the Guptas,as coins of the time was unearthed from the location. At the end of the Buddhist suprimacy at Bengal Tantric sects became active. During the time waterways was the common trading routes. For this purpose river Adiganga (old course of Ganges), touching Kalikhetra was an important route to Bay of Bengal. These traders used to offer pujas to the various temples situated at both the banks, among these that of Kali was most important to them.
made Kalighat as one of the 51 shrines or Pithas of worshippers of Shakti
or mother goddess, where sections of Sati's body was throw at the time
of Tandava. Those fingers (according to some only one finger) were still
preserved in a silver box under the idol, at the north-east corner. Saborno Chaudhuries of Borisha reconstructed the temple to its present
form. It was under Raja Santosh Roy chaudhuri of Saborno Chaudhuri lineage
that present day temple construction was started around end of 1798.
From then onwards all sebayats (people who make their living out of worshipping) of Kalighat are married. At the same time another miracle occurred. A person called Bhabanidas Chakraborty in search of his Kali worshipper father came to Kalighat. On Bhubaneswar he settled there marrying Uma and became the first married priest of Kalighat following the Divine instruction.
Bhabanidas was himself a Vaishnava and in course of time established his family idol of Vasudeva on the west side of the main temple. One day he had a dream that the Mother is willing to have a decoration of sandalwood paste or what is known as "Tilaka" (commonly used by Vaishnavas or worshippers of Vishnu). In the next moment at the temple he found the idol to have an unfinished decoration of sandalwood paste and the residue paste in the container with marks of vermilion in it and rest spilled on the entire room. The Vashudeva idol was painted with both sandalwood paste and vermilion.
Bhabanidas put "Tilaka"
on the forehead of Kali realising the divine massage that both Kali and
Krishna are the same spirit.This ends the long drawn rivalry between the
Vaishnava cult and Sakti cult. From then onwards Kali has been decorated
with Tilaka in her forehead. Kalighat celebrate another novel ritual from
then onwards. At the very day of Shyamapuja, Alaxmi (negative) was driven
away like West Bengali Hindu rituals and Dipawali was conducted with welcoming
of Goddess Laxmi. But here no idol or any symbol of Laxmi was worshipped.
Instead the Mother goddess herself was worshipped as Laxmi, as she is
believed to be the expression of entire 33 crores of Hindu gods and goddess.
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