is the major district of North Bengal, cover an area 6,245 sq.km. It is
located between 26° 16' and 27° 0' North latitudes and 88°
4' and 89° 53' East longitudes. The district was recognized in 1869.
The headquarters of the region are at Jalpaiguri township, which is also
the divisional headquarter of north Bengal and has its special significance
in respect of tourism,
hills, tea gardens, picturesque beauty and after all a broad diversity
of tribes like the Totos, etc.
The name Jalpaiguri came from the utterance "jalpai" means "olive"
which grew in the town and were seen even in 1900. The suffix "guri"
means a situate. The name as well is related with Jalpesh, the presiding
divine being (Shiva) of the total area.
The average annual rainfall
is 3160 mm and the average temperature ranges from 30.9 to 10.8 degrees
throughout the year. The average relative humidity is about 82%.
It is well associated by
rail, road and air from any part of the state. One can avail train up
to Jalpaiguri / Jalpaiguri Road / New Jalpaiguri Stn. By road it is well
associated with rest of the country. Air travel is obtainable up to Bagdogra
(Siliguri) and from there it is well attached by a 58 km. road.
is just on the Indo-Bhutan boundary 2600 ft over from sea height. Even
in the present day, the decaying fort has some nostalgic values. The Buxa
Tiger Reserve took form in 1983. In 1992, it was acknowledged as a National
Sanctuary. It extends over an area of 765 sq km, deeper with Cotton, Sal,
Teak, Sishu and Eucalyptus trees. Wandering throughout Buxa would expose
its magnificence.A trip to Sinchula on the Indo-Bhutan border can be a
Rupam valley is a paradise for nature's splendor. Manas River flows on
the east side of Buxa which is known as Manas Sanctuary. The crest of
the Bhutan Mountains stands guard on the north side. On an approach, one
can move towards the Dima, Bala, Jayanti and Kamlong rivers.
A pleasing view in the winters-the Kamlong River gets the color of oranges-Kamola-so
the name, Kamlong.
Jayanti is a sacred place; here the principal deity Devi Jayanti is worshipped.
There are three other cave temples, one devoted to Brahma-Vishnu- Mahesh-wara,
the second to Bholanath and another is to Devi Mahakali. Shivaratri is
celebrated here with splendor and magnificence.
The word Duars means entrance of Bhutan. The Duars extends over 4750 sq
km covering both of Jalpaiguri and Coochbehar. Varieties of birds and
trees are exclusive to Duars. Torsa, Teesta, Jaldhaka, Raidak, Sankosh,
Kaljani all along with more than a few other mountainous rivulets, running
through Duars, give it an additional liveliness. Duars is the native soil
of numerous tribes of the Mundas, Ravas and Totos. There three reserve
forests are Jaldapara, Goru-mara and Chapramari.
In Malbazar, there is a tea-garden and at the centre there is a beautiful
valley of flowers with the orchid house at its centre.
People can have a step over to Jalpesh temple, constructed by Raja Jalpesh
of Pragjyotishpur in 1665, in a Muslim fashion.